Connect with us

Economics

การคุ้มครองครัวเรือนยากจนไทยเมื่อเผชิญภาวะเศรษฐกิจที่ยากลำบาก

Published

on

An elderly man waits for medicine at a hospital counter in Thailand. Photo: Trinn Suwannapha/World Bank

Thailand recently announced that it will put into action a national social assistance program for poor families. Such a program can help reduce poverty significantly. It would also move Thailand into the growing ranks of middle-income countries, such as China, Malaysia, Brazil, Turkey and the Philippines, that provide the poor with a ‘safety net’.

This week, the cabinet approved a package worth around 42 billion baht to finance cash allowances for the poorest and other subsidies for almost 12 million low-income families. For many poor families in Thailand, regular social assistance means their children being able to finish school or not going to bed hungry. For farmers, regular social assistance can help cushion the impact of natural disasters such as floods and droughts, which can wipe away a lifetime of savings.

Global evidence suggests that regular cash transfers can enable poor families to meet basic needs such as food, healthcare and education, and that they continue to work just as hard. Such studies have addressed concerns in many countries that cash transfers are mere handouts that encourage complacency. They have shown instead that a helping hand improves nutritional and educational outcomes, and the capacity of individuals and communities to cope with shocks, ultimately resulting in lower poverty and inequality.

But, according to the recently published World Bank Thailand Systematic Country Diagnostic, accurate targeting is key. An effective and efficient social assistance program consistently and reliably identifies those who need support the most.

Here is where challenges set in. With work in the informal sector so prevalent in Thailand, verifying household incomes can be difficult. Experience from other countries can help.  

Where self-declared income may not be reliable, other information such as land and vehicle ownership status, educational levels of adults, and presence of household members with disabilities can be useful. Different countries screen these non-income indicators in different ways. Some simply tally the other welfare indicators for each family, while others do a more complex calculation of how important each factor is in predicting if a family is poor. Whatever the approach, countries often supplement such information with community-based validation to take advantage of local knowledge. Thailand is using such an approach, with information on employment status, property ownership and savings to help determine who is low income.

Developing countries also use “social registries” to cross-check indicators of household welfare. These data platforms allow cross-checking of household welfare indicators, ranging from land and car ownership to social security participation, and are used by multiple public programs as a common source of information.

The most comprehensive social registries include not only program beneficiaries, but the larger population. Pakistan includes around 90 percent of its population in its social…

Source link

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Top Posts

Recents

China2 months ago

How will Thailand’s election affect China?

China's investment in Thailand will not be affected much by the result of the general election.

United States2 months ago

Huawei Sues the U.S. for Restricting Business With Federal Agencies

China3 months ago

Chinese investors spent $2.3 bln in Thai property in 2018

Chinese investors have continued pouring their money into Thailand’s property sector even as the kingdom barrels toward an uncertain national election. See author's...

China6 months ago

US–China trade war : will there be a winner ?

The U.S. and China are hours away from a new round of tariffs on each other’s goods, with no improvement...

Economics6 months ago

Trumping financial risks in Asia

Twenty years after the Asian financial crisis of 1997–98 and the global financial crisis of 2007–08, storm clouds are gathering...

Companies6 months ago

Thai Startup Event Banana

Event banana, a Thai start-up based on event venues and its online marketplace, has recently been able to raise about...

Business7 months ago

营商环境报告:东亚经济体继续大力推进改革议程改善营商环境

世界银行集团今天发布的《2019年营商环境报告:强化培训,促进改革》称,东亚太平洋地区各经济体继续大力推进改革议程,在过去一年里实施了43项改革以改善中小企业的营商便利度。 bsullivan See author's posts Related

News8 months ago

What are US-China Trade War Implications for Thailand ?

What are the implications of a US-China for Thailand? Will the economy be hit by global market disruption? Or could...