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China

China sent who to the UN?

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Chinese Vice President Han Zheng told the U.N. General Assembly on Thursday that the world should resist U.S. hegemonism, reject the use of human rights as a “political tool” and never doubt Beijing’s plans to reunite China’s mainland with the democratic island of Taiwan.

The mostly anodyne speech hewed closely to standard lines often repeated by China’s leaders and, in the end, was less notable for its contents than for who delivered them: a little-known figure on the world stage promoted to vice president only six months ago.

Han was left to deliver China’s remarks after both President Xi Jinping and Foreign Minister Wang Yi opted to stay away from New York.

But the former Shanghai mayor showed he was well versed.

In a thinly veiled dig at the United States, Han said China “opposes hegemonism, power politics, unilateralism and Cold War mentality” and that “legitimate security concerns of all countries” had to be addressed, in apparent defense of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

The vice president attacked what he said was “double standards” in international criticism of its human rights abuses. He said Beijing opposed, “in particular, the use of human rights and democracy as a political tool to interfere in the affairs of other countries.”

Almost like clockwork, Han then reiterated Beijing’s stance that  the democratic island of Taiwan is a renegade Chinese province.

“Taiwan has been an inalienable part of China’s territory since ancient times,” he said, adding no one in the world “should ever underestimate the firm resolve, strong will and the power of the Chinese people to safeguard their sovereignty and territorial integrity.”

Moscow trip

Xi was not the only leader to snub the assembly, with French President Emmanuel Macron and British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, along with Russian President Vladimir Putin, also staying away from New York.

Xi’s decision to not even send Wang, though, was all the more conspicuous due to where the foreign minister was instead: Moscow, on a four-day trip to meet with Putin, inviting him to visit Xi next month for a high-profile Belt and Road conference in Beijing.

In the weeks leading up to the U.N. General Assembly, there had been speculation that Wang might use a trip to New York to also meet with U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken, who visited Beijing in June and extended an open invitation to Wang to make a return U.S. visit.

Chinese Vice President Han Zheng addresses the 78th session of the United Nations General Assembly, Thursday, Sept. 21, 2023 at United Nations headquarters in New York City. Credit: Mary Altaffer/AP

But a senior Russian official said on Tuesday that Wang’s trip to Moscow was important for the new Russia-China axis opposing the Western world, according to a report in the Associated Press.

“Amid the campaign unleashed by the collective West that is aimed at the double containment of Russia and China,” said Nikolai Patrushev, the secretary of Russia’s Security Council, “it’s particularly important to further deepen Russian-Chinese coordination and interaction on the international arena.”

Instead of meeting Wang, Blinken met with Han on Monday. The Chinese vice president seemed to tell reporters before the meeting that Beijing thought the United States could do more to thaw ties.

“We sincerely hope that the U.S. would take more concrete action to deliver on the common understanding between our leaders for the sound and steady growth in China-U.S. relations,” Han said.

Blinken, in diplomatic terms, called for more in-person meetings.

“From the perspective of the United States,” he said, “face-to-face diplomacy is the best way to deal with areas where we disagree, and also the best way to explore areas of potential cooperation between us.  The world expects us to responsibly manage our relationship.”

No facetime

Blinken is one of four Biden administration cabinet members – along with Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen, climate envoy John Kerry and Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo – to have visited Beijing since June, with no Chinese officials making the return visit so far.

Meetings between Biden and Xi – who have not met since last year’s G-20 summit in Bali, Indonesia, where they pledged to “responsibly manage” ties to avoid conflict – have also been postponed.

The pair were also expected to meet at this year’s G-20 summit in New Delhi earlier this month, but Xi chose not to attend. Biden said he was “disappointed,” but added that he was still “going to get to see him.”

Speculation has now shifted to the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum in San Francisco in November, where the two leaders could meet on the sidelines if the Chinese president, who has so far this year only left China for trips to Russia and South Africa, decides to attend. 

Earlier this month, China’s spy agency hinted that a Biden-Xi meeting depended on the United States “showing sufficient sincerity.”

But there remains hope. Over the weekend, Biden’s national security adviser, Jake Sullivan, met with Wang in Malta while Wang was en route to Russia, reportedly to lay groundwork for a meeting. 

The White House called the meeting “candid, substantive and constructive,” said that it built off Biden and Xi’s meeting in Bali and added that it hoped for “additional high-level engagement” soon.

Edited by Malcolm Foster.

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Revealing the Encouraged Industries of Hainan in 2024: Unlocking Opportunities

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The 2024 Hainan Encouraged Catalogue, issued by the NDRC, MOF, and STA, aims to boost industries in the Hainan Free Trade Port. It prioritizes sectors like tourism, modern services, and high technologies, offering incentives for foreign investment and market access expansion since 2020. The Catalogue includes 176 entries across 14 categories, with 33 new additions focusing on cultural tourism, new energy, medicine and health, aviation, aerospace, and environmental protection.


The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), in collaboration with the Ministry of Finance (MOF) and the State Taxation Administration (STA), has issued the Catalogue of Industries Encouraged to Develop in Hainan Free Trade Port (2024 Version), hereinafter referred to as the “2024 Hainan Encouraged Catalogue.” The updated Catalogue took effect on March 1, 2024, replacing the previous 2020 Edition.

Beyond the industries already addressed in existing national catalogues, the new entries in the 2024 Hainan Encouraged Catalogue are based on practical implementation experiences and the specific needs within Hainan, prioritizing sectors such as tourism, modern services, and high technologies.

The Hainan FTP has been providing incentives to draw investors to invest and establish businesses in the region, especially foreign investment. Alongside a phased approach to opening the capital account and facilitating free capital movement, Hainan has significantly expanded market access for foreign enterprises since 2020, particularly in sectors such as telecommunications, tourism, and education.

The Hainan Encouraged Catalogue comprises two main sections:

Similar to the approach adopted by the western regions, foreign-invested enterprises (FIEs) should always implement their production or operations in accordance with the Catalogue of Encouraged Industries for Foreign Investment.

On top of the industries already addressed in existing national catalogues, the 2024 Hainan Encouraged Catalogue encompasses 14 distinct categories and a total of 176 entries especially encouraged in the region, including 33 new additions compared to the 2020 Edition. These new entries predominantly span cultural tourism, new energy, medicine and health, aviation and aerospace, and ecological and environmental protection, among others.

This article is republished from China Briefing. Read the rest of the original article.

China Briefing is written and produced by Dezan Shira & Associates. The practice assists foreign investors into China and has done since 1992 through offices in Beijing, Tianjin, Dalian, Qingdao, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Suzhou, Guangzhou, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Shenzhen, and Hong Kong. Please contact the firm for assistance in China at china@dezshira.com.

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Key Guidelines for Companies in Compliance Audits for Personal Information Protection Standards

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China’s standards authority has released draft standards for personal information protection compliance audits, potentially making them mandatory for companies in 2023. The audits will require companies to undergo annual or biennial checks based on the number of people’s information they handle. The draft standards outline the audit process and requirements, seeking public feedback until September 11, 2024.


China’s standards authority has released draft standards for conducting personal information protection compliance audits. Regular compliance audits to ensure compliance with personal information protection regulations may become a requirement for companies in China under draft measures released in 2023. We explain the audit processes and requirements proposed in the draft standards.

The Standardization Administration of China (SAC) has released a set of draft standards for conducting personal information (PI) protection compliance audits. Under draft measures released by the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) in August 2023, companies that process the PI of people in China are required to undergo regular compliance audits.

Specifically, companies that process the PI of over one million people must undergo a compliance audit at least once a year, while companies that process the PI of under one million people must carry out an audit at least once every two years. 

While the draft measures stipulate the obligations of the auditing body and the audit scope, the draft standards outline the specific audit process, including evidence management and permissions of the audit organization, as well as the professional and ethical requirements of auditors. 

The Secretariat of the National Cybersecurity Standardization Technical Committee is soliciting public feedback on the draft standards until September 11, 2024. Public comment on the draft measures released in August last year closed on September 2, 2023, but no updated document has yet been released. 

The draft standards outline five stages of the PI protection compliance audit: audit preparation, implementation, reporting, problem rectification, and archiving management. 

Auditors are required to accurately document identified security issues in the audit working papers, ensuring that the records are comprehensive, clear, and conclusive, reflecting the audit plan and its execution, as well as all relevant findings and recommendations. 

This article is republished from China Briefing. Read the rest of the original article.

China Briefing is written and produced by Dezan Shira & Associates. The practice assists foreign investors into China and has done since 1992 through offices in Beijing, Tianjin, Dalian, Qingdao, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Suzhou, Guangzhou, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Shenzhen, and Hong Kong. Please contact the firm for assistance in China at china@dezshira.com.

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A Comprehensive Guide to China’s Expanded 144-Hour Visa-Free Transit Policy at 37 Ports

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China has expanded its 144-hour visa-free transit policy, allowing travelers from 54 countries to visit certain areas without a visa. Zhengzhou in Henan Province and eight cities in Yunnan Province are now included. The policy aims to promote people-to-people exchange and requires travelers to meet specific requirements.


China has expanded the 144-hour visa-free transit policy, which allows people from certain countries to enjoy six days of travel to select areas of the country without applying for a visa beforehand, to cover 54 countries and 37 ports. Zhengzhou in Henan Province and eight more cities in Yunnan Province can benefit from this policy as of July 15, 2024. Amid China’s continuous efforts to promote people-to-people exchange, we explain who is eligible for the 144-hour visa-free transit and where in China you can travel on this special entry permit.

The National Immigration Administration (NIA) has expanded China’s 144-hour visa-free transit policy to 37 ports as of July 15, 2024. Zhengzhou aviation port in Henan now offers this policy, with the stay limited to the administrative region of Henan Province. The stay range of Yunnan Province’s policy has been expanded from Kunming to eight other cities (prefecture-level) including Lijiang, Yuxi, Pu’er, Chuxiong, Dali, Xishuangbanna, Honghe, and Wenshan. Additionally, Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport, Lijiang Sanyi International Airport, and Mohan Railway Port have been added as ports applicable to the 144-hour visa-free transit policy.

In this article, we explain how this 144-hour visa-free transit policy works and summarize some frequently asked questions.  

Under the 144-hour visa-free transit policy, foreign travelers can enjoy a six-day stay in certain Chinese cities without a visa, provided they come from 54 eligible countries, enter and exit China from eligible ports, stay within the allowed cities and regions, as well as satisfy other requirements.  

To obtain this visa exemption, the foreign national must have a valid passport from one of the 54 countries, which are: 

As per the requirements of China’s National Immigration Authority (NIA), people applying for 144-hour visa-free transit must have: 

You may also be required to answer some questions at immigration control upon arrival.  

This article is republished from China Briefing. Read the rest of the original article.

China Briefing is written and produced by Dezan Shira & Associates. The practice assists foreign investors into China and has done since 1992 through offices in Beijing, Tianjin, Dalian, Qingdao, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Suzhou, Guangzhou, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Shenzhen, and Hong Kong. Please contact the firm for assistance in China at china@dezshira.com.

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