At the close of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China during October 18-24, Xi Jinping continued the second term of his presidency flanked by another six members of the new Politburo Standing Committee.
Aside from Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and President of the People’s Republic of China and Li Keqiang, Premier of the State Council, there are five other members of the Politburo Standing Committee who are all new to the committee:
1) Li Zhanshu, Director of the General Office of the Communist Party of China and Director of the Office of the National Security Commission,
2) Wang Yang, Vice Premier of the State Council,
3) Wang Huning, a political theorist and Director of the Central Policy Research Office,
4) Zhao Leji, Director of the Central Organization Department and Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and
5) Han Zheng, Party secretary of Shanghai. However, the potential successors of Xi such as Hu Chunhua, Party Secretary of Guangdong, and Chen Min’er, Party Secretary of Chongqing, were not elected to sit on the new Politburo Standing Committee. Therefore, it is expected that Xi Jinping may be preparing for a third term of presidency.
The 14 principles of Xi Jinping thought that have now been enshrined in the party’s constitution are a guide for China to achieve a modern, prosperous, and progressive socialist state.
Covering both economics and politics, the ideologies include significant economic elements such as a call for “comprehensively deepen reform” with the adoption of “new vision for development,” and the policy direction in improving the quality of life of Chinese people and, at the same time, preserving the environment so that humans and nature can coexist in harmony.
The ideologies also place importance on the expansion of China’s influence on the world stage under the vision to build a community of shared future for mankind. While the political essences of the ideologies concentrate on centralization of power by emphasizing the power of the Communist Party in decision-making, law enforcement and governance and ensuring absolute power of the Party over the People’s Army. It also emphasizes the importance of the “One Country, Two Systems” policy, which refers to the mainland China and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao and the “One China” policy, which cements the relationship between mainland China and Taiwan.
Over the past five years, under the leadership of Xi Jinping, China has entered a “new era,” bringing many impressive achievements, in all economic, social or political aspects.
Years of rapid economic expansion has raised China’s GDP to CNY 80 trillion, contributing to 30% of global economic growth from 2013 to 2016. China’s economic structure has shifted toward an innovation-driven era resulting in the emerging digital industry and, along with it, the introduction of numerous technological products such as high-speed rail, delivery drone and electric vehicle. Moreover, China continues to lead all other nations on the foreign trade and investment front, particularly under Belt and Road Initiatives. Even China’s measures to elevate the poor has achieved a high level of success, raising over 60 million people out of poverty.
Author: Jiramon Sutheerachart